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Heart Lung Circ. 2009 Aug;18(4):271-6. doi: 10.1016/j.hlc.2008.11.009. Epub 2009 Jan 21.

Predictors of successful early extubation following congenital cardiac surgery in neonates and infants.

Author information

1
Nationwide Children's Hospital, Department of Anesthesiology, Columbus, OH 43205, USA. Peter.Winch@Nationwidechildrens.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There is a paucity of literature discussing the predictive likelihood of successfully extubating neonates and infants in the operating room immediately following congenital cardiac surgery. Given the unknown consequences of anaesthetics on neurodevelopmental outcomes, minimising the exposure of this population to such agents may have long-term benefits.

METHODS:

Retrospective chart review of 391 patients less than 1 year of age.

RESULTS:

The probability of successfully extubating these patients was based on quantifiable, objective criteria. The relevant variables include age, weight, bypass time, lactate level and specific congenital anomaly.

CONCLUSIONS:

The practice of immediate extubation of infants and neonates is achievable, safe and predicted based on specific patient variables. This practice will minimise the anaesthetic exposure of these especially young patients who may be at risk for long-term consequences related to anaesthetic exposure.

PMID:
19162543
DOI:
10.1016/j.hlc.2008.11.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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