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Diabetologia. 1991 Jul;34(7):527-30.

Reproducibility of insulin sensitivity measured by the minimal model method.

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Medizinische Poliklinik, University of Berne, Switzerland.


Insulin resistance is a critical component underlying the altered glucose homeostasis in a variety of metabolic and non-metabolic disorders. Aging, body fat distribution, obesity, diabetes mellitus or hypertension are well recognized conditions associated with an impaired tissue sensitivity to insulin action. Apart from such constant factors, insulin sensitivity can be acutely modified by independent variables such as physical exercise, dietary factors, alcohol intake or harmless drugs. To evaluate the day-to-day intra-individual variation in insulin sensitivity, glucose homeostasis and lipid profiles, we investigated the insulin sensitivity index (S1) (determined by the minimal model method of Bergman), basal and post-glucose-load insulin and glucose levels, serum total triglyceride and lipoprotein cholesterol fractions in 15 healthy young men (24 +/- 1 year, mean +/- SEM), on two different occasions at an interval of 3 weeks (days 1 and 21), after 3 days of a standard dietary regimen and after an overnight fast. Blood pressure, heart rate, body weight and 24 h urinary sodium excretion were almost identical in the two phases. S1(day 1) varied from 4.2 to 15.8 x 10(-4).min-1 pro microU/ml (mean: 10.2 +/- 0.9) and correlated with S1(day 21) (11.2 +/- 1.2 x 10(-4).min-1 pro microU/ml, r = 0.78, p less than 0.0007). The slope of the relationship did not differ from 1 (1.01, p greater than 0.90), the intercept was close to the origin (0.8, p greater than 0.73) and the coefficient of variation was 14.4%.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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