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PLoS One. 2009;4(1):e4253. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0004253. Epub 2009 Jan 22.

Impaired nuclear Nrf2 translocation undermines the oxidative stress response in Friedreich ataxia.

Author information

1
Inserm, U676, Hôpital Robert Debré, Bât. Ecran, Paris, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Friedreich ataxia originates from a decrease in mitochondrial frataxin, which causes the death of a subset of neurons. The biochemical hallmarks of the disease include low activity of the iron sulfur cluster-containing proteins (ISP) and impairment of antioxidant defense mechanisms that may play a major role in disease progression.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

We thus investigated signaling pathways involved in antioxidant defense mechanisms. We showed that cultured fibroblasts from patients with Friedreich ataxia exhibited hypersensitivity to oxidative insults because of an impairment in the Nrf2 signaling pathway, which led to faulty induction of antioxidant enzymes. This impairment originated from previously reported actin remodeling by hydrogen peroxide.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:

Thus, the defective machinery for ISP synthesis by causing mitochondrial iron dysmetabolism increases hydrogen peroxide production that accounts for the increased susceptibility to oxidative stress.

PMID:
19158945
PMCID:
PMC2617762
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0004253
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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