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J Urol. 2009 Mar;181(3):1434-43. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2008.10.105. Epub 2009 Jan 20.

Erythropoietin attenuates renal injury in an experimental model of rat unilateral ureteral obstruction via anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects.

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1
Department of Nephrology, Catholic University Daejeon St. Mary Hospital, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Erythropoietin was recently shown to exert important cytoprotective and anti-apoptotic effects in injury models of the brain, heart and kidney. We examined whether erythropoietin also attenuates renal injury in a rat model of unilateral ureteral obstruction via anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory actions.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We divided Sprague-Dawley rats (Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Daejeon, Korea) into 4 groups, including 1-vehicle treated with sham operation, 2-vehicle treated with unilateral ureteral obstruction for 3 days, 3-erythropoietin treatment with sham operation and 4-erythropoietin treatment for unilateral ureteral obstruction for 3 days. The erythropoietin treatment dose was 3,000 IU/kg per day intraperitoneally, administered daily. We compared competitive reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction data on transforming growth factor-beta, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, osteopontin, Fas and Bcl-2. Furthermore, we examined Western blots for caspase-3 and light microscopy findings with hematoxylin and eosin staining. We applied immunohistochemistry for transforming growth factor-beta, ED-1 and caspase-3, and TUNEL in each group.

RESULTS:

Transforming growth factor-beta, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, osteopontin and Fas mRNA levels in the erythropoietin treated, unilateral ureteral obstruction group were significantly lower than in the obstruction only group. The Bcl-2 mRNA level in the erythropoietin treated obstruction group was significantly higher than in the obstruction only group. Caspase-3 activity in the erythropoietin treated obstruction group was significantly lower than in the obstruction only group. On light microscopy interstitially infiltrated inflammatory cells were significantly decreased in the erythropoietin treated obstruction group compared to the obstruction only group. On immunohistochemistry the erythropoietin treated obstruction group showed significantly fewer reactions for transforming growth factor-beta, ED-1 and caspase-3 compared to the obstruction only group. Erythropoietin treatment in rats with unilateral ureteral obstruction significantly decreased the number of TUNEL positive cells.

CONCLUSIONS:

Erythropoietin exerts renoprotective effects in an experimental unilateral ureteral obstruction rat model via anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory actions.

PMID:
19157461
DOI:
10.1016/j.juro.2008.10.105
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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