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Ethn Dis. 2008 Autumn;18(4):403-8.

The impact of acculturation on Latinos' perceived barriers to HIV primary care.

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Health and Disability Working Group, Boston University School of Public Health, 374 Congress St, Ste 502, Boston, MA 02210, USA.


US Latino adults are disproportionately affected by the HIV epidemic and experience disparities in access to HIV care. However, relatively little is known about how acculturation affects perceived barriers to engagement in care among Latinos. This article examines factors that may be associated with engaging HIV-infected persons in primary care by using interview data from 651 Latino and non-Latino adults presenting for services at five agencies that participated in a multisite demonstration project Latinos (n=219) were more likely than non-Latino Whites (n=117) to be male, recently diagnosed with HIV, less educated, without health insurance, not on Medicaid, taking HIV medications, and in better physical health. In addition, Latinos were more likely to report facing numerous structural barriers, stigma-related worries/concerns, and belief barriers than were non-Latino Whites. Upon closer examination of the Latino subsample, acculturation (based on language) was associated with reported structural barriers, worry/concern barriers, and belief barriers. In the final multivariate model that controlled for site, Spanish language was significantly associated with experiencing stigma-related worries/concerns that impact HIV status.

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