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Bioprocess Biosyst Eng. 2009 Oct;32(6):737-45. doi: 10.1007/s00449-009-0298-9. Epub 2009 Jan 21.

Production of succinate by a pflB ldhA double mutant of Escherichia coli overexpressing malate dehydrogenase.

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State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, 200237 Shanghai, China.


The gene encoding malate dehydrogenase (MDH) was overexpressed in a pflB ldhA double mutant of Escherichia coli, NZN111, for succinic acid production. With MDH overexpression, NZN111/pTrc99A-mdh restored the ability to metabolize glucose anaerobically and 0.55 g/L of succinic acid was produced from 3 g/L of glucose in shake flask culture. When supplied with 10 g/L of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO(3)), the succinic acid yield of NZN111/pTrc99A-mdh reached 1.14 mol/mol glucose. Supply of NaHCO(3) also improved succinic acid production by the control strain, NZN111/pTrc99A. Measurement of key enzymes activities revealed that phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) carboxykinase and PEP carboxylase in addition to MDH played important roles. Two-stage culture of NZN111/pTrc99A-mdh was carried out in a 5-L bioreactor and 12.2 g/L of succinic acid were produced from 15.6 g/L of glucose. Fed-batch culture was also performed, and the succinic acid concentration reached 31.9 g/L with a yield of 1.19 mol/mol glucose.

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