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Sci Total Environ. 2009 Mar 1;407(6):1809-23. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.10.064. Epub 2009 Jan 19.

Tropospheric H(2) budget and the response of its soil uptake under the changing environment.

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INRS-Institut Armand-Frappier, 531 boul. des Prairies, Laval, Qu├ębec, Canada H7V 1B7.


Molecular hydrogen (H(2)) is an indirect greenhouse gas present at the trace level in the atmosphere. So far, the sum of its sources and sinks is close to equilibrium, but its large-scale utilization as an alternative energy carrier would alter its atmospheric burden. The magnitude of the emissions associated with a future H(2)-based economy is difficult to predict and remains a matter of debate. Previous attempts to predict the impact that a future H(2)-based economy would exert on tropospheric chemistry were realized by considering a steady rate of microbial-mediated soil uptake, which is currently responsible of ~80% of the tropospheric H(2) losses. Although soil uptake, also known as dry deposition is the most important sink for tropospheric H(2), microorganisms involved in the activity remain elusive. Given that microbial-mediated H(2) soil uptake is influenced by several environmental factors, global change should exert a significant effect on the activity and then, assuming a steady H(2) soil uptake rate for the future may be mistaken. Here, we present an overview of tropospheric H(2) sources and sinks with an emphasis on microbial-mediated soil uptake process. Future researches are proposed to investigate the influence that global change would exert on H(2) dry deposition and to identify microorganisms involved H(2) soil uptake activity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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