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J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry. 2009 Jun;40(2):292-305. doi: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2008.12.007. Epub 2008 Dec 25.

Vocational outcomes of an integrated supported employment program for individuals with persistent and severe mental illness.

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Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hunghom, Hong Kong.


We examined the effectiveness of an integrated supported employment (ISE) program, which augments Individual Placement & Support (IPS) with social skills training (SST) in helping individuals with SMI achieve and maintain employment. A total of 163 participants were randomly assigned to three vocational rehabilitation programs: ISE, IPS, and traditional vocational rehabilitation (TVR). After fifteen months of services, ISE participants had significantly higher employment rates (78.8%) and longer job tenures (23.84 weeks) when compared with IPS and TVR participants. IPS participants demonstrated better vocational outcomes than TVR participants. The findings suggested that ISE enhances the outcomes of supported employment, endorsing the value of SST in vocational rehabilitation.

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