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Eur J Cell Biol. 1991 Jun;55(1):17-30.

Human nucleoporin p62 and the essential yeast nuclear pore protein NSP1 show sequence homology and a similar domain organization.

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  • 1European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg/Federal Republic of Germany.


NSP1 is an essential nuclear pore protein in yeast. We observed that anti-NSP1 antibodies label mammalian nuclear pore complexes and recognize nucleoporin p62. Also peptide antibodies raised against the NSP1 carboxy-terminal end cross-react with p62, a conserved component of the nuclear pore complex in higher eukaryotes. To further analyze the structural and functional similarity between NSP1 and mammalian nucleoporins, we cloned and sequenced nucleoporin p62 from a HeLa cDNA library. Human p62 consists of a carboxy-terminal domain homologous to the essential yeast NSP1 carboxy-terminal domain and an amino-terminal half resembling the repetitive middle domain of NSP1. The full-length p62 and a fusion protein consisting of cytosolic mouse dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) and the p62 carboxy-terminal domain were expressed in transfected HeLa cells. Only overexpressed full-length p62, but not the DHFR-C-p62 fusion protein, binds wheat germ agglutinin (WGA). This suggests that modification by N-acetylglucosamine is mainly restricted to the repetitive amino-terminal half of p62 and implies a role of this type of repetitive sequences in nuclear transport. In the transfected HeLa cells, the DHFR-C-p62 fusion protein forms patchy aggregates that accumulate at the nuclear periphery but are also scattered through the cytoplasm. It is suggested that nucleoporin p62 may be targeted and anchored to the pore complex via its carboxy-terminal domain which reveals a hydrophobic heptad repeat organization similar to that found in lamins and other intermediate filament proteins.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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