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Extremophiles. 2009 Mar;13(2):233-46. doi: 10.1007/s00792-009-0225-7. Epub 2009 Jan 20.

Bacterial diversity in surface sediments from the Pacific Arctic Ocean.

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SOA Key Laboratory for Polar Science, Polar Research Institute of China, 200136 Shanghai, China.


In order to assess bacterial diversity within four surface sediment samples (0-5 cm) collected from the Pacific Arctic Ocean, 16S ribosomal DNA clone library analysis was performed. Near full length 16S rDNA sequences were obtained for 463 clones from four libraries and 13 distinct major lineages of Bacteria were identified (alpha, beta, gamma, delta and epsilon-Proteobacteria, Acidobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Chloroflexi, Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Planctomycetes, Spirochetes, and Verrucomicrobia). alpha, gamma, and delta-Proteobacteria, Acidobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Actinobacteria were common phylogenetic groups from all the sediments. The gamma-Proteobacteria were the dominant bacterial lineage, representing near or over 50% of the clones. Over 35% of gamma-Proteobacteria clones of four clone library were closely related to cultured bacterial isolates with similarity values ranging from 94 to 100%. The community composition was different among sampling sites, which potentially was related to geochemical differences.

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