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Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2009 Jun;379(6):617-26. doi: 10.1007/s00210-008-0389-1. Epub 2009 Jan 20.

The transmembrane beta-subunits KCNE1, KCNE2, and DPP6 modify pharmacological effects of the antiarrhythmic agent tedisamil on the transient outward current Ito.

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Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Medical Faculty, Dresden University of Technology, Fetscherstr. 74, 01307, Dresden, Germany.


Accessory beta-subunits modulate the pharmacology of ion channel blockers. The aim was to investigate differences in effects of the antiarrhythmic agent and open-channel blocker tedisamil on transient outward current I(to) (Kv4.3) when coexpressed with beta-subunits potassium voltage-gated channel, Isk-related family, member 1 (KCNE1), potassium voltage-gated channel, Isk-related family, member 2 (KCNE2), or dipeptidyl-aminopeptidase-like protein 6 (DPP6) which modulate I(to) kinetics. Tedisamil inhibited I(to) with IC(50) values of 16 microM for Kv4.3+KChIP2, 11 microM in the presence of KCNE1, and 14 microM for KCNE2. Values were higher in the presence of DPP6 or DPP6+KCNE2 (35 and 26 microM). K(d) values of tedisamil binding and rate constants were not affected by KCNE or DPP6. I(to) kinetics were accelerated by KCNE and DPP6, inactivation to a larger extent with DPP6. Tedisamil did not affect activation time course but apparently accelerated inactivation in all channel subunit combinations tested. Deletion of the intracellular domain of KCNE2 or DPP6 resulted in slowing of kinetics and increased tedisamil sensitivity (IC(50) 4 and 7 microM). It is concluded that apparent effects of DPP6 and deletion mutants (KCNE2 and DPP6) are due to the acceleration or slowing effects of the beta-subunits on I(to) kinetics.

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