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Eur J Biochem. 1991 Sep 15;200(3):651-61.

Primary structure of nuclease P1 from Penicillium citrinum.

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Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Japan.


The primary structure of nuclease P1, which cleaves both RNA and single-stranded DNA, from Penicillium citrinum was elucidated. The complete amino acid sequence consisting of 270 residues was determined by analysis of peptides obtained by digestion with Achromobacter protease I of the reduced and S-aminoethylated protein and by digestion with Staphylococcus aureus V8 protease of the reduced and S-carboxymethylated protein. Four half-cystine residues were assigned to Cys72-Cys217 and Cys80-Cys85. N-Glycosylated asparagine residues were identified at positions 92, 138, 184 and 197. Fast-atom-bombardment and laser-ionization MS were successfully used to confirm the determined amino acid sequences of peptides and to estimate the molecular mass of this glycoprotein having heterogenous sugar moieties, respectively. Comparison of the amino acid sequence of nuclease P1 with other nucleases revealed that the protein has a high degree of sequence identity (50%) with nuclease S1 from Aspergillus oryzae. The His-Phe-Xaa-Asp-Ala sequence (positions 60-64) is similar to the sequence (His-Phe-Asp-Ala) involving the active-site His119 of bovine pancreatic RNase A, and the Pro-Leu-His sequence (positions 124-126) is identical with the sequence involving the active-site His134 of porcine pancreatic DNase I.

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