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Chem Biol Drug Des. 2009 Jan;73(1):26-38. doi: 10.1111/j.1747-0285.2008.00749.x.

Conformational dynamics of the flexible catalytic loop in Mycobacterium tuberculosis 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate reductoisomerase.

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Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0365, USA.


In mycobacteria, the biosynthesis of the precursors to the essential isoprenoids, isopentenyl diphosphate and dimethylallyl pyrophosphate is carried out by the methylerythritol phosphate pathway. This route of synthesis is absent in humans, who utilize the alternative mevalonate acid route, thus making the enzymes of the methylerythritol phosphate pathway of chemotherapeutic interest. One such identified target is the second enzyme of the pathway, 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate reductoisomerase. Only limited information is currently available concerning the catalytic mechanism and structural dynamics of this enzyme, and only recently has a crystal structure of Mycobacterium tuberculosis species of this enzyme been resolved including all factors required for binding. Here, the dynamics of the enzyme is studied in complex with NADPH, Mn2+, in the presence and absence of the fosmidomycin inhibitor using conventional molecular dynamics and an enhanced sampling technique, reversible digitally filtered molecular dynamics. The simulations reveal significant differences in the conformational dynamics of the vital catalytic loop between the inhibitor-free and inhibitor-bound enzyme complexes and highlight the contributions of conserved residues in this region. The substantial fluctuations observed suggest that 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate reductoisomerase may be a promising target for computer-aided drug discovery through the relaxed complex method.

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