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Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2009;35(1):12-7. doi: 10.1080/00952990802326280.

The impact of cigarette smoking on stimulant addiction.

Author information

1
Program for Research on Smokers with Mental Illness (PRISM), Substance Abuse Center, Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA. andrea.weinberger@yale.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Stimulant users smoke cigarettes at high rates; however, little is known about the relationship between tobacco and stimulants.

METHODS:

Our goal in this article is to synthesize a growing literature on the role of cigarette smoking in stimulant addiction.

RESULTS:

Early nicotine exposure may influence the development of stimulant addiction. Preclinical and clinical studies suggest a facilitatory role of nicotinic agonists for stimulant addiction. Smoking appears to be associated with more severe stimulant use and poorer treatment outcomes.

CONCLUSIONS:

It is important to assess smoking and smoking-related variables within stimulant research studies to more fully understand the comorbidity. Integrating smoking cessation into stimulant treatment may improve nicotine and stimulant treatment outcomes.

PMID:
19152200
PMCID:
PMC2633145
DOI:
10.1080/00952990802326280
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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