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Health Psychol. 1991;10(4):282-8.

Parental cigarette smoking and cognitive performance of children.

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Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health CB #7400, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599-7400.


A prior study identified a relationship between parental cigarette smoking and cognitive performance by adolescent children who did not smoke. That study was stimulated by the reasoning that environmental smoke might influence performance through oxygen deprivation. The present study, using longitudinal data from the Child Health and Development Studies (1987), extended the earlier research by controlling for mother's prenatal smoking and other potentially confounding variables and by examining four different measures of cognitive performance. The findings indicate that the relationship between parental smoking and at least one of the cognitive measures persists with controls and that there is a dose-response relationship between parental smoking and cognitive performance. Findings are discussed in the context of mechanisms that might explain the association between parental smoking and child cognition.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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