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Nat Mater. 2009 Feb;8(2):120-5. doi: 10.1038/nmat2372. Epub 2009 Jan 18.

Conjugated dicarboxylate anodes for Li-ion batteries.

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LRCS, Université de Picardie Jules Verne CNRS (UMR-6007), 33 rue Saint-Leu, 80039, Amiens, France.


Present Li-ion batteries for portable electronics are based on inorganic electrodes. For upcoming large-scale applications the notion of materials sustainability produced by materials made through eco-efficient processes, such as renewable organic electrodes, is crucial. We here report on two organic salts, Li(2)C(8)H(4)O(4) (Li terephthalate) and Li(2)C(6)H(4)O(4)(Li trans-trans-muconate), with carboxylate groups conjugated within the molecular core, which are respectively capable of reacting with two and one extra Li per formula unit at potentials of 0.8 and 1.4 V, giving reversible capacities of 300 and 150 mA h g(-1). The activity is maintained at 80 degrees C with polyethyleneoxide-based electrolytes. A noteworthy advantage of the Li(2)C(8)H(4)O(4) and Li(2)C(6)H(4)O(4) negative electrodes is their enhanced thermal stability over carbon electrodes in 1 M LiPF(6) ethylene carbonate-dimethyl carbonate electrolytes, which should result in safer Li-ion cells. Moreover, as bio-inspired materials, both compounds are the metabolites of aromatic hydrocarbon oxidation, and terephthalic acid is available in abundance from the recycling of polyethylene terephthalate.


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