Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Heart Lung. 2009 Jan-Feb;38(1):34-47. doi: 10.1016/j.hrtlng.2008.02.005.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, anxiety, and depression: state of the science.

Author information

1
West Virginia University School of Nursing, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) affects millions worldwide. Despite advances in the treatments of other chronic diseases, little progress in decreasing COPD morbidity and mortality has been made. The death rate associated with COPD has doubled in 30 years. The presence of psychiatric comorbidities, such as anxiety and depression, has been linked to increased mortality, decreased functional status, and decreased quality of life.

OBJECTIVE:

This review was undertaken to determine the state of the science of COPD, anxiety, and depression, and to identify nursing implications derived from these findings.

CONCLUSION:

Although the prevalence of anxiety and depression among patients with COPD is significantly higher than the general population, there are serious barriers to the recognition and treatment of these comorbid conditions. Routine assessment and screening for anxiety and depression in all patients diagnosed with COPD should be considered.

PMID:
19150529
DOI:
10.1016/j.hrtlng.2008.02.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center