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Patient Educ Couns. 2009 Aug;76(2):240-7. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2008.12.005. Epub 2009 Jan 15.

Colorectal cancer screening among underserved minority population: discrepancy between physicians' recommended, scheduled, and completed tests.

Author information

1
Department of Family Medicine, Charles Drew University of Medicine & Science, Los Angeles, CA 90059, USA. mobazarg@cdrewu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study examines the correlates of: (1) health care provider recommendation of CRC testing; (2) provider scheduling for recommended CRC testing using sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, or double-contrast barium enema; and (3) adherence to CRC scheduling among underserved minority populations.

METHODS:

Medical record and schedule logbook reviews and interviewer-administered surveys.

SETTING:

Large urban safety-net, outpatient primary care setting in Los Angeles County.

PARTICIPANTS:

306 African-American and Latino patients aged 50 years and older.

RESULTS:

A vast majority of minority patients do not receive standard CRC testing in urban safety-net primary care settings. Of those patients who were actually scheduled for sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy, almost half completed the procedure. Completing CRC testing was associated with marital status, co-morbid chronic physical conditions, number of risk factors for colorectal cancer, and lower perceived barriers to CRC testing.

CONCLUSION:

Effective interventions to reduce CRC mortality among underserved minority populations require an integrated approach that engages patients, providers, and health care systems.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:

Designing interventions that (1) increase physician-patient communications for removing patients' perceived barriers for CRC testing and (2) promote a non-physician-based navigator system that reinforces physicians' recommendation are strongly recommended.

PMID:
19150198
DOI:
10.1016/j.pec.2008.12.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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