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Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2009 Mar;104 Suppl 1:S25-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2008.11.025. Epub 2009 Jan 15.

Future risk of diabetes in mother and child after gestational diabetes mellitus.

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Center for Pregnant Women with Diabetes, Department of Obstetrics and Endocrinology, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.


Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common pregnancy complication with increased maternal and perinatal morbidity. However, significant long-term morbidity also exists for the mother and offspring. Women with previous GDM have a very high risk of developing overt diabetes, primarily type 2 diabetes, later in life. Moreover, the risk of the metabolic syndrome is increased 3-fold in these women. Their offspring have an 8-fold risk of diabetes/prediabetes at 19-27 years of age. Thus, GDM is part of a vicious circle which increases the development of diabetes in the coming generations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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