Send to

Choose Destination
Med Microbiol Immunol. 2009 May;198(2):83-91. doi: 10.1007/s00430-009-0106-9. Epub 2009 Jan 16.

Seroepidemiological study in a Puumala virus outbreak area in South-East Germany.

Author information

Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, OIE Collaborating Centre for Zoonoses in Europe, Institute for Novel and Emerging Infectious Diseases, Südufer 10, 17493 Greifswald, Insel Riems, Germany.


Puumala virus (PUUV) is the cause of the majority of haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome cases in Germany. In 2004, a nephropathia epidemica outbreak was recorded in Lower Bavaria, South-East Germany. For a seroepidemiological study in this region including the resident population at four locations (n = 178) and soldiers from one location (n = 208) indirect immunoglobulin M (IgM) and immunoglobulin G (IgG) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) and immunoblot tests based on a yeast-expressed PUUV nucleocapsid protein were established. The validation using human serum panels originating from Germany revealed a diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of 98/100% for the IgM ELISA, 99/99% for the IgG ELISA, 99/100% for the IgM immunoblot test and 100/96% for the IgG immunoblot test. Using the novel IgG assays as well as a commercial IgG ELISA and an immunofluorescence assay for the resident population an average prevalence of 6.7% (12 of 178) with a range of 0% (0 of 21) to 11.9% (7 of 59) was observed. Positive serological results were equally distributed between males and females with an average age of 63 for males and 52 for females. The seroprevalence in the soldier group was found to be about 1% with one positive male of 203 (age 46 years) and one positive female of five (age 47 years). In conclusion, the PUUV seroprevalence in the residents of the outbreak region in Lower Bavaria was found to be up to fivefold higher than the average hantavirus seroprevalence of the German population.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center