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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009 Jan 20;53(3):232-41. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2008.10.011.

Routine intraoperative completion angiography after coronary artery bypass grafting and 1-stop hybrid revascularization results from a fully integrated hybrid catheterization laboratory/operating room.

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1
Vanderbilt Heart and Vascular Institute, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study sought to report our experience with a routine completion angiogram after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) and simultaneous (1-stop) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) at the time of CABG performed in the hybrid catheterization laboratory/operating room.

BACKGROUND:

The value of a routine completion angiogram after CABG and 1-stop hybrid CABG/PCI remains unresolved.

METHODS:

Between April 2005 and July 2007, 366 consecutive patients underwent CABG surgery, with (n = 112) or without (n = 254) concomitant 1-stop PCI (hybrid), all with completion angiography before chest closure. Among the 112 1-stop hybrid CABG/PCI patients, 67 (60%) underwent a planned hybrid procedure based on pre-operative assessment, whereas 45 (40%) underwent open-chest PCI (unplanned hybrid) based on intraoperative findings.

RESULTS:

Among the 796 CABG grafts (345 left internal mammary artery, 12 right internal mammary artery/radial, and 439 veins), 97 (12%) angiographic defects were identified. Defects were repaired with either a minor adjustment of the graft (n = 22, 2.8%), with intraoperative open-chest PCI (unplanned hybrid, n = 48, 6%) or with traditional surgical revision (n = 27, 3.4%). Hybrid patients had clinical outcomes similar to standard CABG patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

Routine completion angiography detected 12% of grafts with important angiographic defects. One-stop hybrid coronary revascularization is reasonable, safe, and feasible. Combining the tools of the catheterization laboratory and operating room greatly enhances the options available to the surgeon and cardiologist for patients with complex coronary artery disease.

PMID:
19147039
DOI:
10.1016/j.jacc.2008.10.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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