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Eur J Pharm Sci. 2009 Mar 2;36(4-5):511-23. doi: 10.1016/j.ejps.2008.12.008. Epub 2008 Dec 25.

Skin penetration enhancement by a microneedle device (Dermaroller) in vitro: dependency on needle size and applied formulation.

Author information

1
Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Lessingstr. 8, 07743 Jena, Germany.

Abstract

This study focused on the in vitro evaluation of skin perforation using a new microneedle device (Dermaroller) with different needle lengths (150, 500 and 1500 microm). The influence of the microneedle treatment on the morphology of the skin surface (studied by light and scanning electron microscopy), on the transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and on the penetration and permeation of hydrophilic model drugs was investigated using excised human full-thickness skin. Furthermore, invasomes - highly flexible phospholipid vesicles containing terpenes and ethanol as penetration enhancer - were compared with an aqueous solution. Elevated TEWL values were measured after Dermaroller treatment compared to untreated human skin with a gradual increase of the TEWL over the first hour whereas afterwards the TEWL values decreased probably caused by a reduction of the pore size with time. Skin perforation with the Dermarollers enhanced drug penetration and permeation for both formulations tested. Invasomes were more effective to deliver hydrophilic compounds into and through the skin compared to the aqueous drug solutions and the combination with skin perforation further enhanced drug penetration and permeation. In conclusion, Dermarollers being already commercially available for cosmetic purposes appear also promising for drug delivery purposes particularly those with medium (500 microm) and shorter (150 microm) needle lengths.

PMID:
19146954
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejps.2008.12.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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