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Blood. 2009 May 21;113(21):5237-45. doi: 10.1182/blood-2008-11-189407. Epub 2009 Jan 14.

microRNA-29c and microRNA-223 down-regulation has in vivo significance in chronic lymphocytic leukemia and improves disease risk stratification.

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1
Institut Jules Bordet, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium. bstamato@ulb.ac.be

Abstract

Aberrant expression of microRNAs has been recently associated with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) outcome. Although disease evolution can be predicted by several prognostic factors, a better outcome individualization in a given patient is still of utmost interest. Here, we showed that miR-29c and miR-223 expression levels decreased significantly with progression from Binet stage A to C were significantly lower in poor prognostic subgroups (defined by several prognostic factors) and could significantly predict treatment-free survival (TFS) and overall survival (OS). Furthermore, we developed a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) score combining miR-29c, miR-223, ZAP70, and LPL (from 0 to 4 poor prognostic markers) to stratify treatment and death risk in a cohort of 110 patients with a median follow-up of 72 months (range, 2-312). Patients with a score of 0/4, 1/4, 2/4, 3/4, and 4/4 had a median TFS of greater than 312, of 129, 80, 36, and 19 months, respectively (hazard ratio, HR(0/4 < 1/4 < 2/4 < 3/4 < 4/4) = 17.00, P < .001). Patients with a score of 0-1/4, 2-3/4, and 4/4 had a median OS of greater than 312, of 183 and 106 months, respectively (HR(0/4 < 1/4 < 2/4 < 3/4 < 4/4) = 13.69, P = .001). This score will help to identify, among the good and poor prognosis subgroups, patients who will need early therapy and thus will require a closer follow-up.

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PMID:
19144983
DOI:
10.1182/blood-2008-11-189407
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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