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Eur J Cancer. 2009 Mar;45(5):857-65. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2008.12.007. Epub 2009 Jan 12.

Antiangiogenic effect of ZSTK474, a novel phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor.

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Division of Molecular Pharmacology, Cancer Chemotherapy Center, Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Tokyo, Japan.


Angiogenesis is known to be required for tumour growth and metastasis. Recent reports indicated that phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) promoted angiogenesis by inducing expressions of HIF-1alpha and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). The present study aims to investigate the antiangiogenic effect of ZSTK474, a novel pan-PI3K inhibitor. ZSTK474 significantly inhibited tumour growth in the RXF-631L xenograft model. Immunohistochemical staining of the tumour tissue with anti-von Willebrand Factor antibody showed a significantly reduced number of microvessels in the ZSTK474-treated mice, suggesting the highly promising antiangiogenic activity in vivo. In human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), submicromolar concentrations of ZSTK474 inhibited cell growth, blocked VEGF-induced cell migration and the tube formation, and thus revealed potent in vitro antiangiogenic activity. Furthermore, ZSTK474 inhibited phosphorylation of Akt at submicromolar concentrations. In RXF-631L cancer cells, on the other hand, ZSTK474 treatment inhibited the expression of HIF-1alpha and secretion of VEGF. Together, these results suggest that ZSTK474 has potent antiangiogenic activity, which could be attributed to dual-target inhibitory properties: inhibition of VEGF secretion by cancer cells and inhibition of PI3K in endothelial cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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