Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Medicina (Kaunas). 2008;44(12):929-35.

[Malignant pleural diseases: diagnosis and treatment].

[Article in Lithuanian]

Author information

1
Institute of Oncology, Vilnius University, Santariskiu 1, 08660 Vilnius, Lithuania. saulius.cicenas@vuoi.lt

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate efficacy of diagnostic procedures, results of surgery, and complications in malignant pleural diseases.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

From 1999 to 2006, 169 patients underwent treatment in the Department of Thoracic Surgery and Oncology, Institute of Oncology, Vilnius University. Patients were divided into two groups: group I, patients with primary pleural malignant diseases (93 patients, 55.0%), and group II, secondary pleural tumors (76 patients, 45%). Of the 76 patients, 40 patients (52.6%) were diagnosed with metastatic pleural tumors and 36 patients (47.4%) with tumors invading parietal pleura. We used noninvasive and invasive methods for diagnosis. Noninvasive methods included chest x-ray, chest computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, chest ultrasound, positron emission tomography/computed tomography (performed in Germany), and invasive methods included puncture of pleural effusions, transthoracic pleural puncture, drainage, pleural biopsy and video-assisted thoracoscopic pleural biopsy, pleural resection, and ultrasound-guided needle biopsy of the pleura. The following procedures were performed in group I: pleurectomy in 15 patients (16.1%), pleural pneumonectomy in 42 patients (45.2%), pleural decortication in 12 patients (12.9%), extended pleuropneumonectomy with diaphragm and pericardium resections and plastic surgery in 14 patients (15.0%), pleurectomy with costal resections in 10 patients (10.1%). Procedures performed in group II included video-assisted thoracoscopic pleurectomy in 15 patients (19.7%), pleural biopsy in 10 patients (13.2%), pleurectomy in 15 patients (19.7%), pleural drainage and fenestration in 5 patients (6.5%), lung and pleura resection in 12 patients (15.8%), chest wall and pleura resection in 10 patients (13.2%), diaphragm and pleura resections in 9 patients (11.8%).

RESULTS:

Early stage primary pleural tumors were found in 24 patients (25.8%). Metastatic pleural disease was found in 32 patients with early primary tumors (80.0%). In all 36 patients (100.0%) with chest wall tumors, disease of advanced stage was determined. Main surgical complications of the group I were observed in 26 patients (27.9%). Six patients (6.5%) died after surgery. In group II, 23 patients (30.2%) had postoperative complications; 3 patients (3.9%) died.

CONCLUSIONS:

In noninvasive methods, the highest sensitivity was achieved for chest computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (97%); the specificity of chest magnetic resonance imaging was 100%, and the specificity chest computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging--98%. The accuracy of chest x-ray plus computed tomography was 98%. In invasive methods, accuracies of pleural biopsy, video-assisted thoracoscopic pleural biopsy, and pleurectomy were 100%, 90%, and 100%, respectively. In case of primary pleural tumors, the main surgery was extended pleuropulmonectomy (45.2%) with or without mediastinal resection. Mortality rate was 6.5%. In case of metastatic pleural disease, the main surgery was video-assisted thoracoscopic pleurectomy (19.7%). Mortality was rate 5%. In cases of pleural invasion by other thoracic malignancies, the main surgeries were chest wall and pleural resection (13.2%) and lung and pleural resection (15.8%). Mortality rate was 2.8%. After 169 operations due to malignant pleural diseases, the rate of postoperative complications ranged from 1.3% to 7.8%.

PMID:
19142050
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lithuanian University of Health Sciences
    Loading ...
    Support Center