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JAMA. 2009 Jan 14;301(2):183-90. doi: 10.1001/jama.2008.976.

Treating drug abuse and addiction in the criminal justice system: improving public health and safety.

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1
Services Research Branch, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.

Erratum in

  • JAMA. 2009 Mar 11;301(10):1024.

Abstract

Despite increasing evidence that addiction is a treatable disease of the brain, most individuals do not receive treatment. Involvement in the criminal justice system often results from illegal drug-seeking behavior and participation in illegal activities that reflect, in part, disrupted behavior ensuing from brain changes triggered by repeated drug use. Treating drug-involved offenders provides a unique opportunity to decrease substance abuse and reduce associated criminal behavior. Emerging neuroscience has the potential to transform traditional sanction-oriented public safety approaches by providing new therapeutic strategies against addiction that could be used in the criminal justice system. We summarize relevant neuroscientific findings and evidence-based principles of addiction treatment that, if implemented in the criminal justice system, could help improve public heath and reduce criminal behavior.

PMID:
19141766
PMCID:
PMC2681083
DOI:
10.1001/jama.2008.976
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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