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Genes Dev. 2008 Dec 15;22(24):3403-8. doi: 10.1101/gad.1741408.

Aberrant chromatin at genes encoding stem cell regulators in human mixed-lineage leukemia.

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1
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA.

Abstract

Mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL) fusion proteins are potent inducers of leukemia, but how these proteins generate aberrant gene expression programs is poorly understood. Here we show that the MLL-AF4 fusion protein occupies developmental regulatory genes important for hematopoietic stem cell identity and self-renewal in human leukemia cells. These MLL-AF4-bound regions have grossly altered chromatin structure, with histone modifications catalyzed by trithorax group proteins and DOT1 extending across large domains. Our results define direct targets of the MLL fusion protein, reveal the global role of epigenetic misregulation in leukemia, and identify new targets for therapeutic intervention in cancer.

PMID:
19141473
PMCID:
PMC2607073
DOI:
10.1101/gad.1741408
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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