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New Phytol. 2009;182(1):175-87. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02735.x. Epub 2009 Jan 8.

Jasmonates act with salicylic acid to confer basal thermotolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana.

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1
Biochemistry Department, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. shannon.clarke@agresearch.co.nz

Abstract

* The cpr5-1 Arabidopsis thaliana mutant exhibits constitutive activation of salicylic acid (SA), jasmonic acid (JA) and ethylene (ET) signalling pathways and displays enhanced tolerance of heat stress (HS). * cpr5-1 crossed with jar1-1 (a JA-amino acid synthetase) was compromised in basal thermotolerance, as were the mutants opr3 (mutated in OPDA reductase3) and coi1-1 (affected in an E3 ubiquitin ligase F-box; a key JA-signalling component). In addition, heating wild-type Arabidopsis led to the accumulation of a range of jasmonates: JA, 12-oxophytodienoic acid (OPDA) and a JA-isoleucine (JA-Ile) conjugate. Exogenous application of methyl jasmonate protected wild-type Arabidopsis from HS. * Ethylene was rapidly produced during HS, with levels being modulated by both JA and SA. By contrast, the ethylene mutant ein2-1 conferred greater thermotolerance. * These data suggest that JA acts with SA, conferring basal thermotolerance while ET may act to promote cell death.

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