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Mol Cancer Ther. 2009 Jan;8(1):17-25. doi: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-08-0986.

Ixabepilone: targeting betaIII-tubulin expression in taxane-resistant malignancies.

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1
Unité Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale 590, Laboratoire de Cytologie Analytique, Faculté de Médecine Rockefeller, 8 Avenue Rockefeller, 69373 Lyon Cedex 08, France. charles.dumontet@chu-lyon.fr

Abstract

Microtubule-targeting agents, such as taxanes and epothilones, block mitosis and cell proliferation by targeting the dynamics of the cytoskeleton. The taxanes are widely used for treatment of various malignancies, but primary and acquired resistance to chemotherapy remains a significant clinical concern. Class I, II, III, IV, and V beta-tubulin isotypes are expressed in human tumors. Overexpression of the betaIII-tubulin isotype is one mechanism that can render tumor cells resistant to taxanes. The relative expression of betaIII-tubulin correlates with clinical outcomes in several tumor types, including breast cancer, non-small cell lung cancer, and ovarian cancer. A novel analogue of epothilone B, ixabepilone, has recently been approved in combination with capecitabine for the treatment of patients with anthracycline- and taxane-resistant locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer and as monotherapy in patients whose tumors are resistant or refractory to an anthracycline, a taxane, and capecitabine. The significant antitumor activity of ixabepilone in taxane-resistant tumors may be related to its preferential suppression of the dynamic instability of alpha/betaIII-microtubules in cells expressing high levels of betaIII-tubulin.

PMID:
19139109
DOI:
10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-08-0986
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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