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Curr Genet. 1991 May;19(5):333-7.

Regulation of the pyrimidine salvage pathway by the FUR1 gene product of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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  • 1Laboratoire de Génétique Physiologique, Institut de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire du CNRS, Strasbourg, France.


In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the protein encoded by the FUR1 gene is absolutely required for the expression of uracil phosphoribosyl transferase activity. The occurrence of semi-dominant mutations for 5-fluorouracil-(5FU)-resistance at this locus led us to clone and sequence the semi-dominant fur1-5 allele. A single point mutation, resulting in the substitution of arginine 134 for serine, is responsible for this mutant phenotype. The fur1-5 allele is transcribed and expressed at the same level as the wild-type allele. But, in contrast with the wild-type, the UPRTase activity of the fur1-5 mutant strain is stimulated in vitro by UTP and does not, therefore, correspond to a loss of feedback of UPRTase activity. We found that uracil, as a free base, induces a significative increase in transcription and UPRTase activity in a wild-type strain as well as in uracil-overproducing mutants which principally explains the high efficiency of the pyrimidine salvage pathway in S. cerevisiae.

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