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Fen Zi Xi Bao Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 2008 Dec;41(6):495-9.

[Genetic diversity of AVR-pita alleles of rice blast fungus Magnaporthe grisea].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
Rice Research Institute, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China. btma02@vip.sina.com

Abstract

Rice blast, caused by fungus Magnaporthe grisea, is one of the most serious diseases of rice throughout the world and is also a classical system in which avirulence (AVR) genes in the pathogen show a functional correspondence with particular resistance (R) genes in rice. The interaction between AVR-pita gene in Magnaporthe grsiea and Pi-ta gene in rice is a classical gene-for-gene system. The genetic diversity of AVR-pita alleles was showed by 44 isolates from the fields in Sichuan and Chongqing. According to the published sequence of AVR-pita (GenBank Accession No. AF207841), the special primers were designed and a population analysis of AVR-pita occurrence in the field was conducted. The PCR negative isolates did not trigger host resistance responses and the disease might occur. The positive special PCR band in an isolate was not corresponding with its avirulence to the Pi-ta rice line. Among 11 sequenced A VR-pita alleles, six AVR-pita alleles encoded the same protein, four proteins differed from each other by one amino acid and one had nonsense mutation. The strategy of utilizing Pi-ta in rice breeding was also discussed.

PMID:
19137822
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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