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Photosynth Res. 2009 Mar;99(3):205-16. doi: 10.1007/s11120-008-9398-7. Epub 2009 Jan 10.

Towards efficient hydrogen production: the impact of antenna size and external factors on electron transport dynamics in Synechocystis PCC 6803.

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Lehrstuhl für Biochemie der Pflanzen, Ruhr Universität Bochum, 44780, Bochum, Germany.


Three Synechocystis PCC 6803 strains with different levels of phycobilisome antenna-deficiency have been investigated for their impact on photosynthetic electron transport and response to environmental factors (i.e. light-quality, -quantity and composition of growth media). Oxygen yield and P(700) reduction kinetic measurements showed enhanced linear electron transport rates-especially under photoautotrophic conditions-with impaired antenna-size, starting from wild type (WT) (full antenna) over DeltaapcE- (phycobilisomes functionally dissociated) and Olive (lacking phycocyanin) up to the PAL mutant (lacking the whole phycobilisome). In contrast to mixotrophic conditions (up to 80% contribution), cyclic electron transport plays only a minor role (below 10%) under photoautotrophic conditions for all the strains, while linear electron transport increased up to 5.5-fold from WT to PAL mutant. The minor contribution of the cyclic electron transport was proportionally increased with the linear one in the DeltaapcE and Olive mutant, but was not altered in the PAL mutant, indicating that upregulation of the linear route does not have to be correlated with downregulation of the cyclic electron transport. Antenna-deficiency involves higher linear electron transport rates by tuning the PS2/PS1 ratio from 1:5 in WT up to 1:1 in the PAL mutant. While state transitions were observed only in the WT and Olive mutant, a further ~30% increase in the PS2/PS1 ratio was achieved in all the strains by long-term adaptation to far red light (720 nm). These results are discussed in the context of using these cells for future H(2) production in direct combination with the photosynthetic electron transport and suggest both Olive and PAL as potential candidates for future manipulations toward this goal. In conclusion, the highest rates can be expected if mutants deficient in phycobilisome antennas are grown under photoautotrophic conditions in combination with uncoupling of electron transport and an illumination which excites preferably PS1.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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