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Clin Microbiol Rev. 2009 Jan;22(1):37-45, Table of Contents. doi: 10.1128/CMR.00002-08.

Current issues and considerations regarding trichomoniasis and human immunodeficiency virus in African-Americans.

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  • 1Department of Epidemiology, Center for Health Sciences, UCLA School of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA.


Trichomonas vaginalis has long been recognized as one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted infections. However, it is only in recent years that it has been appreciated that Trichomonas may play a critical role in amplifying human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission. Given the evidence that T. vaginalis likely promotes HIV infection, the apparent high level of Trichomonas infection in the African-American community is cause for concern. Even if T. vaginalis increases the risk of HIV transmission by a small or modest amount, it translates into a sizable population effect since Trichomonas is so common in this community. Therefore, control of trichomoniasis may represent an important avenue of control for the prevention of HIV transmission, particularly among African-Americans.

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