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Virology. 2009 Mar 1;385(1):155-60. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2008.11.050. Epub 2009 Jan 12.

The kinase activity of pseudorabies virus US3 is required for modulation of the actin cytoskeleton.

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Department of Virology, Parasitology, and Immunology, Ghent University, Belgium.


Different viruses exploit the host cytoskeleton to facilitate replication and spread. The conserved US3 protein of the alphaherpesvirus pseudorabies virus induces actin stress fiber disassembly and formation of actin-containing cell projections, which are associated with enhanced intercellular virus spread. Proteins of members of other virus families, notably vaccinia virus F11L protein and human immunodeficiency virus Nef protein, induce actin rearrangements that are very similar to those induced by US3. Interestingly, unlike F11L and Nef, the US3 protein displays serine/threonine kinase activity. Here, we report that the kinase activity of pseudorabies virus US3 is absolutely required for its actin modulating activity. These data show that different viruses have developed independent mechanisms to induce very similar actin rearrangements.

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