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Vaccine. 2009 Feb 18;27(8):1201-9. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2008.12.018. Epub 2009 Jan 9.

Efficacy and immunogenicity of Mycobacterium bovis DeltaRD1 against aerosol M. bovis infection in neonatal calves.

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National Animal Disease Center, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Ames, IA 50010, USA.


An attenuated Mycobacterium bovisRD1 deletion (DeltaRD1) mutant of the Ravenel strain was constructed, characterized, and sequenced. This M. bovis DeltaRD1 vaccine strain administered to calves at 2 weeks of age provided similar efficacy as M. bovis bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG) against low dose, aerosol challenge with virulent M. bovis at 3.5 months of age. Approximately 4.5 months after challenge, both DeltaRD1- and BCG-vaccinates had reduced tuberculosis (TB)-associated pathology in lungs and lung-associated lymph nodes and M. bovis colonization of tracheobronchial lymph nodes as compared to non-vaccinates. Mean central memory responses elicited by either DeltaRD1 or BCG prior to challenge correlated with reduced pathology and bacterial colonization. Neither DeltaRD1 or BCG elicited IFN-gamma responses to rESAT-6:CFP-10 prior to challenge, an emerging tool for modern TB surveillance programs. The DeltaRD1 strain may prove useful for bovine TB vaccine programs, particularly if additional mutations are included to improve safety and immunogenicity.

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