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Cancer. 1991 Oct 15;68(8):1747-53.

Pseudomesotheliomatous carcinoma of the lung. An immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study of three cases.

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1
Institute of Pathology and Surgery, University of Cagliari Medical School, Italy.

Abstract

The authors report immunohistochemical and electron microscopic studies on three new cases of pseudomesotheliomatous carcinoma of the lung. Although the distinct clinical and histopathologic features of this peripheral lung cancer were described many years ago, its recognition as a distinct variety of lung carcinoma has not gained wide acceptance. Little is known of its incidence and only few cases have been reported until now. In the current study the authors demonstrate the epithelial nature of this tumor by its positive immunohistochemical reactions for epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), Leu-M1, B 72.3, and surfactant apoprotein. The ultrastructural features and staining of nuclear inclusions with surfactant apoprotein indicate differentiation into type II cells as found in other forms of peripheral lung adenocarcinoma. Despite these morphologic similarities, pseudomesotheliomatous carcinoma is characterized by extensive invasion of the pleura and rapidly fatal course. Because of this biologic behavior it deserves recognition as a distinct variant of peripheral lung carcinoma.

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