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Eur J Pharmacol. 2009 Feb 14;604(1-3):111-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2008.12.024. Epub 2008 Dec 24.

Mechanism for resveratrol-induced cardioprotection against reperfusion injury involves glycogen synthase kinase 3beta and mitochondrial permeability transition pore.

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Department of Anesthesiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599, United States.


Resveratrol pretreatment can protect the heart by inducing pharmacological preconditioning. Whether resveratrol protects the heart when applied at reperfusion remains unknown. We examined the effect of resveratrol on myocardial infarct size when given at reperfusion and investigated the mechanism underlying the effect. Isolated rat hearts were subjected to 30 min ischemia followed by 2 h of reperfusion, and myocardial samples were collected from the risk zone for Western blot analysis. Mitochondrial swelling was spectrophotometrically measured as a decrease in absorbance at 520 nm (A(520)). Resveratrol reduced infarct size and prevented cardiac mitochondrial swelling. Resveratrol enhanced GSK-3beta phosphorylation upon reperfusion, an effect that was mediated by the cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP)/protein kinase G (PKG) pathway. Resveratrol translocated GSK-3beta from cytosol to mitochondria via the cGMP/PKG pathway. Further studies showed that mitochondrial GSK-3beta was co-immunoprecipitated with cyclophilin D but not with VDAC (voltage dependent anion channel) or ANT (adenine nucleotide translocator). These data suggest that resveratrol prevents myocardial reperfusion injury presumably by targeting the mPTP through translocation of GSK-3beta from cytosol to mitochondria. Translocated GSK-3beta may ultimately interact with cyclophilin D to modulate the mPTP opening.

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