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Can J Microbiol. 1991 Jul;37(7):554-61.

Cloning of a xylanase gene from Fibrobacter succinogenes 135 and its expression in Escherichia coli.

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Agriculture Canada Research Station, Lethbridge, Alta.


A genomic library consisting of 4- to 7-kb EcoRI DNA fragments from Fibrobacter succinogenes 135 was constructed using a phage vector, lambda gtWES lambda B, and Escherichia coli ED8654 as the host bacterium. Two positive plaques, designated lambda FSX101 and lambda FSX102, were identified. The inserts were 10.5 and 9.8 kb, respectively. A 2.3-kb EcoRI fragment that was subcloned from lambda FSX101 into pBR322 also showed xylanase activity. Southern blot analysis showed that the cloned EcoRI fragment containing the xylanase gene had originated from F. succinogenes 135. The cloned endo-(1,4)-beta-D-xylanase gene (pFSX02) was expressed constitutively in E. coli HB101 when grown on LB and on M9 medium containing either glucose or glycerol as the carbon source. Most of the beta-D-xylanase activity was located in the periplasmic space. Zymogram activity stains of nondenaturing polyacrylamide gels and isoelectric focusing gels showed that several xylanase isoenzymes were present in the periplasmic fraction of the E. coli clone FSX02 and they probably were due to posttranslational modification of a single gene product. Comparison of the FSX02 xylanase and the xylanase from the extracellular culture fluids of F. succinogenes 135 and S85 for their ability to degrade oat spelt xylan showed that, for equal units of beta-D-xylanase activity, hydrolysis by the cloned gene product was more complete. However, unlike the unfractionated mixture of xylanases from F. succinogenes 135 and S85, the enzyme from E. coli FSX02 was unable to release arabinose from oat spelt xylan.

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