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Brain Res. 1991 Jun 28;552(2):232-9.

Neuropeptide Y and food intake in fasted rats: effect of naloxone and site of action.

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Department of Internal Medicine II, Technical University of Munich, F.R.G.


Central administration of neuropeptide Y (NPY) induces food intake in freely feeding animals and this effect is mediated by hypothalamic sites. Little is known, however, about the effect of NPY on food intake and site of action in food-deprived animals. To examine this further, 24-h fasted rats received injections of saline or NPY into the lateral cerebral ventricle (10 micrograms/10 microliters; n = 8) or into the lateral (LH) or ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) (1 microgram/0.5 microliters; n = 44). In addition, intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injections of NPY were carried out with or without i.c.v. naloxone (25 micrograms), a specific opioid receptor antagonist. During the first 40 min food intake was not different with or without NPY. After 60 and 120 min, food intake was 5.9 +/- 0.4 g and 8.3 +/- 0.6 g with i.c.v. saline which was significantly augmented by i.c.v. NPY to 8.7 +/- 0.9 g and 14.4 +/- 1.5 g, respectively (P less than 0.05). This increase in food consumption was due to a prolongation of feeding time. The opioid receptor antagonist naloxone significantly augmented latency to feed, both in the absence and presence of NPY (8.0 vs 1.7 min or 14.7 vs 2.8 min, respectively) and abolished the NPY-induced increase in food intake. Following intrahypothalamic injection of NPY, an increase in food intake (greater than 20%) was observed in 50% of the histologically identified LH and VMH sites, but only in 15% of the injection sites outside the LH/VMH.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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