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New Phytol. 2009 Jan;181(2):261-274. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02680.x.

Calcium homeostasis in plant cell nuclei.

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UMR CNRS 5546/Université de Toulouse, Surfaces Cellulaires et Signalisation chez les Végétaux, Pôle de Biotechnologie Végétale, BP 42617 Auzeville, 31326 Castanet-Tolosan cédex, France;UMR INRA 1088/CNRS 5184/Université de Bourgogne Plante-Microbe-Environnement, 17 Rue Sully, BP 86510, 21065 Dijon cédex, France;Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Department Bioorganic Chemistry, Hans-Knöll-Str. 8, 07745 Jena, Germany;GDR CNRS Calcium et Régulation des Gènes, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse cédex, France.


In plant cells, calcium-based signaling pathways are involved in a large array of biological processes, including cell division, polarity, growth, development and adaptation to changing biotic and abiotic environmental conditions. Free calcium changes are known to proceed in a nonstereotypical manner and produce a specific signature, which mirrors the nature, strength and frequency of a stimulus. The temporal aspects of calcium signatures are well documented, but their vectorial aspects also have a profound influence on biological output. Here, we will focus on the regulation of calcium homeostasis in the nucleus. We will discuss data and present hypotheses suggesting that, while interacting with other organelles, the nucleus has the potential to generate and regulate calcium signals on its own.

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