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Ann Surg Oncol. 2009 Mar;16(3):578-84. doi: 10.1245/s10434-008-0272-9. Epub 2009 Jan 6.

Solitary dermal melanoma: beginning or end of the metastatic process?

Author information

1
Department of Surgical Oncology, John Wayne Cancer Institute at Saint John's Health Center, Santa Monica, CA 90404, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Solitary dermal melanoma (SDM) is confined to the dermal and/or subcutaneous tissue without an epidermal component. It is unclear whether this lesion is a subtype of primary melanoma or distant cutaneous metastasis from an unknown primary. We evaluated our large experience to determine the prognosis and optimal management of SDM.

METHODS:

Our melanoma referral center's database of prospectively acquired records was used for identification and clinicopathologic analysis of patients presenting with SDM between 1971 and 2005.

RESULTS:

Of 12,817 database patients seen during a 34-year period, 101 (0.8%) had SDM. Of 92 patients free of distant metastasis on initial presentation, 55 (60%) were observed and 37 (40%) underwent surgical nodal staging: regional metastases were identified in 7 (19%). Nodal recurrence occurred in 1 of 30 patients (3.3%) with histopathology-negative nodes compared with 13 of 55 patients (24%) who underwent nodal observation instead of nodal staging. Thus, 21 of 92 patients (23%) had nodal metastasis identified during surgical nodal staging or postoperative nodal observation. At a median follow-up of 68 months, estimated 5-year overall survival rate was 73% for 71 patients with localized disease versus 67% for 21 patients with regional disease (P=0.25) versus 22% for 9 patients with distant disease (P=0.009, regional versus distant disease).

CONCLUSIONS:

SDM resembles intermediate-thickness primary cutaneous melanoma with respect to prognostic characteristics and clinical evolution, but its rate of distant metastasis justifies radiographic staging and its high rate of regional node metastasis justifies wide excision and sentinel node biopsy.

PMID:
19130137
PMCID:
PMC2673232
DOI:
10.1245/s10434-008-0272-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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