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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Jan 13;106(2):546-51. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0811647106. Epub 2009 Jan 7.

Differential impact of the CD45 juxtamembrane wedge on central and peripheral T cell receptor responses.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Medicine, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.


The cooperative activity of protein tyrosine kinases and phosphatases plays a central role in regulation of T cell receptor (TCR) signal strength. Perturbing this balance, and thus the threshold for TCR signals, has profound impacts on T cell development and function. We previously generated mice containing a point mutation in the juxtamembrane wedge of the receptor-like protein tyrosine phosphatase CD45. Demonstrating the critical negative regulatory function of the wedge, the CD45 E613R (WEDGE) mutation led to a lymphoproliferative disorder (LPD) and a lupus-like autoimmune syndrome. Using genetic, cellular, and biochemical approaches, we now demonstrate that the CD45 wedge influences T cell development and function. Consistent with increased TCR signal strength, WEDGE mice have augmented positive selection and enhanced sensitivity to the CD4-mediated disease experimental autoimmune encephalitis (EAE). These correspond with hyperresponsive calcium and pERK responses to TCR stimulation in thymocytes, but surprisingly, not in peripheral T cells, where these responses are actually depressed. Together, the data support a role for the CD45 wedge in regulation of T cell responses in vivo and suggest that its effects depend on cellular context.

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