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Waste Manag. 2009 May;29(5):1712-7. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2008.11.006. Epub 2009 Jan 6.

Upgrading mixed polyolefin waste with magnetic density separation.

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Resource Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Stevinweg 1, 2628 CN Delft, The Netherlands.


Polyolefin fractions are often end fractions resulting from the recycling of end-of-life consumer products. Polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene (PE) are present in such fractions as a mixture. For instance, the ratio of PP and PE in car scrap is 70:30 on average. However, the grade of the PP and PE should typically be better than 97% to be reused again as a high quality product. Density separation of the different polyolefins can be a solution. A promising separation technique is the inverse magnetic density separator (IMDS). This paper discusses the potential of shredder residue, one of the possible polyolefin's waste stream sources for the IMDS, in detail. Experiments with the separation of polyolefins with an IMDS prototype show both high grade and high recovery. The paper concludes with the economic opportunities of the IMDS in the recycling of polyolefins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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