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J Agric Food Chem. 2006 May 17;54(10):3551-7.

Antibacterial and antioxidant activities of quercetin oxidation products from yellow onion (Allium cepa) skin.

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Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tokushima, Shomachi-l-78-1, Tokushima 770-8505, Japan.


Four new quercetin-derived oxidation products (1-4) and lunularin-4-O-beta-D-glucoside (5) were isolated from a water extract of onion (Allium cepa) skin, together with 17 other known compounds. Antibacterial assays for the isolated compounds showed that 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-4,6-dihydroxy-2-methoxybenzofuran-3-one (1) presented selective activity against Helicobacter pylori strains and 3-(quercetin-8-yl)-2,3-epoxyflavanone (4) showed antibacterial activity against MRSA and H. pylori strains at the same time that it increased susceptibility of MRSA to beta-lactams. Evaluation of antioxidant activity against DPPH for the isolated compounds showed that the new derivative compounds (1-4) and 2,5,7,3',4'-pentahydroxy-3,4-flavandione (6) are more active than quercetin.

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