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J Biol Chem. 2009 Mar 13;284(11):6832-40. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M808988200. Epub 2009 Jan 5.

Deleted in breast cancer 1, a novel androgen receptor (AR) coactivator that promotes AR DNA-binding activity.

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The Institute of Biomedical Sciences, College of Life Sciences, East China Normal University, 500 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200241, China.


Androgen receptor (AR) plays a critical role in development and maintenance of male reproductive functions and the etiology of prostate cancer. As a ligand-regulated transcription factor, identification and characterization of AR coregulators are essential for understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying its diverse biological functions. Here we reported the identification of a novel AR coactivator, deleted in breast cancer 1 (DBC1), through a biochemical approach. DBC1 interacts with AR in a ligand-stimulated manner and facilitates AR transcriptional activation in transfected cells as well as in Xenopus oocytes. In in vitro gel shift experiments, recombinant DBC1 drastically enhanced AR DNA-binding activity. Expression of DBC1 also enhanced the binding of AR to chromatinized template in vivo, whereas knockdown of DBC1 impaired the binding of AR to endogenous prostate-specific antigen (PSA) gene in the prostate cancer cell line LNCaP. Thus, our data identify DBC1 as a novel AR coactivator.

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