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Ther Adv Cardiovasc Dis. 2008 Apr;2(2):101-7. doi: 10.1177/1753944708089983.

Percutaneous coronary interventions and statins therapy.

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Statins exert a number of beneficial effects on endothelial function and atherosclerotic plaque, modulating oxidative stress and inflammation, with subsequent, well documented, primary and secondary prevention of coronary artery disease. Periprocedural myocardial infarction and contrast induced nephropathy, after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), are associated with a worse outcome on long term follow-up. In the ARMYDA study, pretreatment with statins before elective PCI reduces periprocedural myocardial infarction in patients with stable angina. Moreover, the ARMYDA ACS was the first randomized, prospective trial that demonstrated that an acute loading with a high dose of atorvastatin prevents myocardial damage in patients with unstable syndromes undergoing early (<48 hours) coronary angiography and consequent angioplasty. Statins could also have beneficial effects by reducing expression of adhesion molecules in endothelial cells (ICAM-1 and E-Selectin) as demonstrated in the ARMYDA-CAMS study. Furthermore, patients receiving statins at the time of procedure show a significantly reduced incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy. All this evidence may strongly influence the clinical practice of an interventional cardiologist.

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