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Chem Res Toxicol. 1991 May-Jun;4(3):277-81.

Mapping of (+/-)-anti-benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide adducts to human c-Ha-ras1 protooncogene.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Rochester, New York 14627-0216.


The relative reactivity of the chemical carcinogen (+/-)-7 beta,8 alpha-dihydroxy-9 alpha,10 alpha-epoxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydrobenzo[a]pyrene [(+/-)-anti-BPDE] to the guanine bases of the first two coding exons of the human c-Ha-ras1 protooncogene is determined to test if (+/-)-anti-BPDE reactivity is correlated with mutations reported for human c-Ha-ras1 protooncogene activation. Plasmid DNA containing the sequence for the human c-Ha-ras1 gene is modified with (+/-)-anti-BPDE to provide approximately 1 covalent adduct per 250 bp. High-resolution mapping of the covalent adducts is achieved by laser-induced photolysis of 32P-labeled restriction fragments of the BPDE-modified plasmid DNA. The (+/-)-anti-BPDE binding profiles to exons 1 and 2 of the human c-Ha-ras1 protooncogene show enhanced reactivity to guanine-rich regions. The guanine bases of oncogene-activating codons 12 (GGC) and 13 (GGT) are 5 times more reactive than the least reactive guanine analyzed within this region of the gene. The guanine base of oncogene-activating codon 61 (CAG) exhibits intermediate reactivity relative to the guanines analyzed within this region of the gene. Although preferential chemical reactivity plays a role in the activation of the c-Ha-ras1 protooncogene, the in vivo activation of the c-Ha-ras1 protooncogene by (+/-)-anti-BPDE is a complex process, with other important factors involved in the chemically induced activation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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