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FEBS Lett. 2009 Jan 22;583(2):465-9. doi: 10.1016/j.febslet.2008.12.054. Epub 2008 Dec 31.

Cold stability of intrinsically disordered proteins.

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Institute of Enzymology, Biological Research Center, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Karolina Ășt 29, H-1113 Budapest, Hungary.


Contrary to globular proteins, intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) lack a folded structure and they do not lose solubility at elevated temperatures. Although this should also be true at low temperatures, cold stability of IDPs has not been addressed in any scientific work so far. As direct characterization of cold-denaturation is difficult, we approached the problem through a freezing-induced loss-of-function model of globular-disordered functional protein pairs (m-calpain-calpastatin, tubulin-Map2c, Hsp90-ERD14). Our results affirm that in contrast with globular proteins IDPs are resistant to cold treatment. The theoretical and functional aspects of this observation are discussed.

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