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Arch Biochem Biophys. 2009 Mar 1;483(1):55-65. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2008 Dec 24.

Biochemical characterization and homology modeling of a purine-specific ribonucleoside hydrolase from the archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus: insights into mechanisms of protein stabilization.

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Dipartimento di Biochimica e Biofisica "F. Cedrangolo", Seconda Università di Napoli, Italy.


We report the biochemical and structural characterization of the purine-specific ribonucleoside hydrolase from the archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus (SsIAG-NH). SsIAG-NH is a homodimer of 70kDa specific for adenosine, guanosine and inosine. SsIAG-NH is highly thermophilic and is characterized by extreme thermodynamic stability (T(m), 107 degrees C), kinetic stability and remarkable resistance to guanidinium chloride-induced unfolding. A disulfide bond that, on the basis of SDS-PAGE is positioned intersubunits, plays an important role in thermal stability. SsIAG-NH shares 43% sequence identity with the homologous pyrimidine-specific nucleoside hydrolase from S. solfataricus (SsCU-NH). The comparative sequence alignment of SsIAG-NH, SsCU-NH, purine non-specific nucleoside hydrolase from Crithidia fasciculata and purine-specific nucleoside hydrolase from Trypanosoma vivax shows that, only few changes in the base pocket are responsible for different substrate specificity of two S. solfataricus enzymes. The structure of SsIAG-NH predicted by homology modeling allows us to infer the role of specific residues in substrate specificity and thermostability.

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