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Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2009 Apr;72(3):610-5. doi: 10.1016/j.saa.2008.10.051. Epub 2008 Nov 11.

Synthesis and anti-fungicidal activity of some transition metal complexes with benzimidazole dithiocarbamate ligand.

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Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.


Seven transition metal complexes of benzimidazole ligand (HL) are reported and characterized based on elemental analyses, IR, solid reflectance, magnetic moment, molar conductance and thermal analyses (TGA and DTA). From the obtained data, the complexes were proposed to have the general formulae [MX(2)(HL)(H(2)O)].yH(2)O, where M=Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cr(III); X=Cl(-), SO(4)(2-) and y=0-4. The molar conductance data revealed that all the metal chelates were non-electrolytes. From the magnetic and solid reflectance spectra, it was found that the geometrical structure of these complexes is octahedral. The thermal behaviour of these chelates showed that the hydrated complexes loss water molecules of hydration in the first step followed immediately by decomposition of the anions and ligand molecules in the subsequent steps. Fungicidal activity of the prepared complexes and free ligand was evaluated against three soil borne fungi. Data obtained showed the higher biological activity of the prepared complexes than the parent Schiff base ligand. Formulation of the most potent complex was carried out in the form of 25% WP. Fungicidal activity of the new formulation was evaluated and compared with the standard fungicide Pencycuron (Monceren 25% WP). In most cases, the new formulation possessed higher fungicidal activity than the standard fungicide under the laboratory conditions.

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